The Tidal Waves in Indian Ocean

The tidal waves in Indian ocean outside the Coco Beach of Dar es Salaam.



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Hualin Essay: On Personal Quality

People lives  in the world, in order to make others think highly of him, in addition to good character, having a high personal quality is also very important. Of course, the character and the personal quality also have a certain relevance between them. In general, the people with a good character should also be relatively good in his personal quality.


On human nature, the so-called quality refers to the individual’s intelligence, ability and inner conservation, that is, the talent and moral strength, reflected in the behavior of individuals, which show grace, behavior training and education, as a personal charm. As a kind of stable attribute, the personal quality can play a long-term and lasting influence, even a decisive role  on people’s various behaviors

The personal quality is also a mark which distinguishes human beings from the beasts.. People of high personal quality have more human nature in behaviors; the ones with low quality tend to show the beast nature in their behaviors.

The personal quality  represents the a person’s identity,  represents a person’s dignity, represents a degree of recognition for him in public places. In the public society, a person with good quality, well behavior, peaceful attitude, calm, comity, respect for others, gentlemanly manner, no matter how this person inner world is , at least in the scene he is welcome, as  well as respected . On the other hand, if a person of poor quality, such as reckless, spitting and throw rubbish everywhere, unruly, arrogant, shouting around, he will be surely  unpopular, even disgusted of.

The quality of people, in addition to some congenital genetic factors, mainly results from the acquired environment, the acquired education, the acquired personality. In term of the growth environment, a well-nurtured family has a good family tutoring.The child who has be trained out from such family has higher general quality in adult. In society, a very low quality people, often be criticized as  being  lack of family tutoring, lack of upbringing!  Usually, as far as the educational level is mentioned, a person with higher level of education has a relative higher degree of civilization and personal qualities. In the intellectual group and in the more educated middle-class group, people’s behavior are relatively civilized, showing a higher personal quality. Of course, there are a handful of cases that some highly educated people have  low-quality which are exceptions. Even  in the circle of professors some individual cases of animal behavior and  very low personal qualify. Therefore, the study of a person’s quality, in addition to the factor of educational level, shall also depend on  their personal behaviors. Some people, although received less education,  they have higher emotional quotient and intelligent quotient.  In life, they will pay much attention to the cultivation of personal qualities, in public places, they will also show high personal quality. Some people, although have read a lot of books, if they  not pay attention to the personality cultivation, they will also show a very low panorama personal quality in public places, with more animal nature, less human nature.

In the world, there are all phenomena of human beings, quite a mixed bag, with the high quality people, as well as the low quality people. In the real life, occasionally you will encounter a few individual people with very low personal quality. I am a person who would not allowed the sand remain inside my eyes, I quite disgust the low-quality people. Sometimes, one  squirt or slag men without any personal quality appeared in front of you, which made you feel extreme nausea. This nausea feeling, like a fly flew into the mouth, you just wanted to spit out for little bit comfortable.. For the squirt or slag man without any quality, I am not willing to lay a straight glance  on him, even though  sometimes I had to be at ease to deal with such kind people, in my heart, he was extremely despised.

The people with low  quality and poor conduct tends to do evil, and does not repent. After having done the evil, he still feel at ease. In particular, some people low quality and bad conduct, even worse,  also has a low IQ, he  is not able to see the consequences of doing bad things, only has the impulse and desire as same as animal’s , referred as the animal desire driving conduct.

However, there will be the retribution for good and evil, as the heaven has got eyes. What people are doing, the God is looking at. The one who does evil has to fear of retribution. If he does not repent, he will be punished by the heaven.

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The Outline of Tanzanian Demonstration Centre of China Agricultural Technology

Tanzanian Demonstration Centre of China Agricultural Technology is localted in Dakawa, Mevomero,  Morogoro, Tanzania.
Since 2007, there has undertaken the construction task of bear the Tanzanian Demonstration Centre of China Agricultural Technology in which the Chinese government has fund. The implementation institution has dispatched 11 experts to the demonstration center to to carry out the technical cooperation with Tanzanian agricultural experts in the fields of rice, corn, vegetables, banana tissue culture, layer farming, agricultural machinery and other aspects.
Since the start of technical cooperation, 190 new varieties have been tested and demonstrated, including 50 rice types, 60 maize types and 80 vegetable types, and have selected out nearly 20 varieties suitable for local popularization, and cultivated tissue culture banana plantlets of 7 varieties, maintained the demonstration number of raising egg-laying hens up to more than 10,000 pieces in site. Nearly 30 times of the technical training has been carried out with the concentrated training number of technical personnel and local farmers reached to nearly 1500 people. In the activities of science and technology entering village and households, have technically guided more than 2450 local farmers, 7 batches and 41 people of Tanzanian local university students have got training and guidance in the demonstration centre.
The demonstration center has carried out high-yield demonstration, especially hybrid rice high-yield demonstration, of more than 10,000 mu in production season in the local diversity of ecological zones, direct local farms and large farmers to achieve high production, and provided with technical guidance for 5000 mu of vegetable production, helped local farmers to solve the technical problems of agricultural production in farmers the Zanzibar Island, provide the local egg-laying hens farm with technical support for production, coordinated the corn production base and feed processing enterprises, provide a steady stream of raw materials to feed processing, and has made important contributions to effectively solve the Tanzania agricultural security.
Tanzanian government has attached great importance to the development of demonstration centers, the Tanzanian President and the Prime Minister have made special trips to inspect the demonstration center with their condolences to Chinese experts. The two countries have cooperated with each other, trained local qualified technical personnel, spread up arable farming technology, enhanced the image of the demonstration center, and formed a far-reaching international technological cooperation base. The centre has been approached for than more 50 times by technical exchanges, visits and cooperation and other kinds of visits from all over the world, including the experts from the World Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Rice Institute, research institutions of different countries, as well as ambassadors form some countries. The Chinese Embassy in Tanzania has consecutively awarded the title of ‘Public Diplomatic Unit’ to the demonstration center.
In order to extend the function of the demonstration center, to accelerate the promotion of new varieties and new technologies, to make the improved variety innovation to better serve the agricultural production, both Chinese side and Tanzanian side are making efforts to take the demonstration center as the core to promote the construction of Tanzanian agricultural science and technology industry demonstration park in cooperation with the local agricultural research institutions, agricultural universities and seed companies, agro-processing enterprises, in order to achieve the whole industry chain development including the improved variety innovation, the seed production base construction, the agricultural production base construction, the agricultural products processing base construction and the two-way trade.

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Tanzanian Culture: The Happy Faces of Tanzanian Pupils under the Compulsory Education

On August 16, 2016, after having launched the ceremony of the agricultural demonstration villages in Dakawa township, in order to carry out the preparatory work for the 5 demonstration villages projects, we visited the 5 villages one by one.

When we reached Milama village, we were just passing a village primary school. In Tanzania, many villages have got a small primary school. It was the time of recess, a group of students were standing in the playground outside the classroom.


When I saw this group of pupils from local primary school, I immediately pick up my iphone, patted photos of them in a long distance away. The group of pupils found us taking photos with camera or cell phone, they started to running over towards us, and they looked very cute. They were very fond of facing to the camera, by scrambling to put pose and show off in front of my iphone.



They stood together for a while to let me take a group photo; then approached and stood closer around my cell phone, faced close towards the iphone camera to show their faces.


They have given a variety of expressions in front of mobile phone lens. Especially, the close face photos belong to specific shows.


The most impressive thing was that the children here, the primary school pupils here, were always smiling in front of the camera lens. Their smile was very bright, very sunny. Their small faces, bit of black features, were laughing like black roses in full bloom. In the open laughing mouth, two rows of silver-like teeth exposed, with snow white color. Some child was in the stage of changing teeth. When he opened mouth to smile, it exposed a missed tooth, which showed the virginity.


Tanzanian natives, especially those in rural areas, are very simple by their very nature. They are naturally optimistic, carefree. When they meet strangers, they like smiling to show friendship, with their white teeth exposed. This feature is mostly shown in the local children, in the local primary school pupils.


Nowadays, Tanzanian children are happy. Except to some Maasai children who are grazing cattle and sheep, the vast majority of Tanzanian children have the chance to go school.


Primary and secondary schools in Tanzania are compulsory. The children at the age of 7-13 years old get education in primary school. The local schools take the seven-year primary education system, that is, from the first grade to seventh grade. Since 2002, primary school students have been exempted from tuition fees by the Tanzanian government, but parents have to pay some additional miscellaneous fees for their children in the school.


In 2008, 8.4 million children were enrolled in primary school in Tanzania. By estimate, the current enrollment data for children should be more than 10 million. According to the statistics in year 2010, the ratio of students with qualified teachers was 54: 1.


In 2010, all the students were taught in Swahili in 15,816 public primary schools except 8 public primary schools. As to the 551 private primary schools registered in the country, the students were taught in English in 539 private primary schools. The curricula of primary school include: Swahili, mathematics, natural sciences, geography, civil knowledge, history, English, vocational subjects, religion, information and communication technology, and sports, etc.


The students at grade 7 need to participate in and pass the graduation exam in order to get a diploma as well as to enter the secondary school. In 2009, only 49.4% of the students passed the exam among the 1 million students enrolled in the primary school graduation exam,. The rate of pass varied from region to region, with the figure being 69.8% in Dar es Salaam, compared to the 31.9 % in the remote Shinyanga. As far as the gender differences is concerned, the pass rate for boys was 55.6%, while the pass rate for girls was 43.2%. There were also differences between the subjects, the pass rate for Swahili language was the highest 69.1%, while the one for mathematics was the lowest 20.0%. No wonder that the local people were a little poor in mathematics. About 90.4% of the students who passed the primary school entrance exam entered the public secondary school.


As a result of the compulsory education in primary and secondary schools, 80% of all adults in Tanzania are literacy who have ability to read and write, and the literacy rate in Tanzania is higher than in other African countries.

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Video Display: Tanzanian Demonstration Centre of China Agricultural Technology (1)

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Hualin Essay: Burn the West Sky with Red Flame like Sunset

In the Tanzanian inland rural areas such as at Dakawa, Morogoro, I often watch the sunset scene in the west skyline. Perhaps due to the middle-old age, perhaps due to the vicissitudes of life exper…

Source: Hualin Essay: Burn the West Sky with Red Flame like Sunset

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Hualin Essay: Burn the West Sky with Red Flame like Sunset

In the Tanzanian inland rural areas such as at Dakawa, Morogoro, I often watch the sunset scene in the west skyline. Perhaps due to the middle-old age, perhaps due to the vicissitudes of life experience, nowadays, I will have a sense of inexplicable emotion when I see the magnificent sunset, the blood red sunset.


Having special attention to the sunset, I have shot photos of the sunset, written the essay on the sunset for countless times these years.


Every time when I saw the sunset, there would be the impulse for me to shoot photos of it. The scene of the sunset often makes people touched. As you can see, at the moment of dusk, the sun is setting in the west, with fantastic scenery, with poetic and picturesque impression.


Two days ago, near dusk time, across the paddy field and facing the chicken house in our demo centre, I took a group of landscape photos of the setting slowly towards the west mountain line. Examining this group of pictures, you can see the orange sunset, the blood-red halo, and the dark scene, reflected in the water of the paddy fields, very beautiful, they constitute a watercolor tone of the screen, by inducing out the inspiration of the impressionism school.


Ah, look at the screen of magnificent sunset, look at the colorful pink clouds, look at the fantasy intoxicating scenes, how can you not praise them? I used write a poetic sentence: the sunset is red at dusk; the west sky is beautiful with evening pink clouds.


People like the youth in their prime, like the morning sun in its vibrant state. Of course, people will also praise the sunset; they will say that sunset is infinite good. However, they will also add one comment: what a pity the sunset is near dusk. For the sunset, there is even harsher point of view, that is: the sun is setting down the west hill, with weak breath of dying. There is sadder poem which makes people cry: facing the sunset, the heartbroken traveler is isolated in the End of the World. Sunset, so sad! This situation can only be interpreted by Li Zhaoqing’s well-known graceful poem:

looking and seeking, stay lonely, desolately miserable.

At moment when it seems turn warm again but still cold, that is the most difficult for me to make my heart rest.

With two or three cups of light wine, how can I stand with the late coming strong wind?

The wild goose have passed and gone, what the saddest for me is that the birds are my old acquaintance.

The fallen chrysanthemums piled up everywhere, haggard loss, now which of them are worthy for picking?

Stay at the window, how black alone?

Indus leave are falling, even with the drizzle rain, bit by bit towards the dusk.

Faced with such situation, my feeling can only be interpreted by one word, how sad!’


Is the sunset scene really so sad? Actually, it is not all the case. In my opinion, it is not the case. Although I also like the morning sun at 8:00 a.m. or 9:00 a.m., also like the young people in their prime, also like the vibrant scene with all things awake at dawn, I still extraordinarily love the scenery of sunset.


Frankly speaking, I particularly appreciate the saying ‘the most beautiful thing is sunset red’. The color of sunset is of vicissitude red, of brilliant red, of tragic red. The red color, the sunset, gives such impression: the afterglow of sunset makes the west sky fully red, while the halo diffuses between the clouds.


As far as the sunset impression is concerned, people will describe in such way: at dusk, a sunset, bloody romance, issued its final flame; the entire west sky line is burning with fresh red hue.


The burning sun has painted a few brush of stunning color on the west sky. Looking at such a beautiful sunset, I can not help with my impulse of poetic writing:

At dusk,

in the twilight,

the sunset will be over,

with a dream of pink clouds.



When one sigh with the approaching old age, by watching the sunset down towards the west horizon, naturally, there will be a different kind of feelings a different kind of reverie in his thought. India poet Tagore said: ‘let our life be vivid as the gorgeous of summer flowers, our death be quiet as the beauty of autumn leaves.’ This is the realm of life; this is the true meaning of life.’ The western going sunset, so calm, so poignant, gives the same philosophy as the beauty of autumn leaves.


As to our middle old aged people, although we have the feeling that life be going to an end, although we are in the situation as if the evening will come soon, we shall still have the momentum of sunset, bursting out our final flame, emitting our final fervent, burn the western sky thoroughly with fresh red hue. We shall have the spirit of the famous Cao Cao of the Three Kingdoms, he wrote in his poem:

Though the tortoise has a life, it still has an end;

the flying dragon show off in fog, finally he will turn into ashes.

The old horse lies at stable, still aiming at thousands of miles;

no matter the hero is old, his ambition is endless.

The period for win or loss, not only depends on the heaven; t

he blessing of health, makes one a long life.

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