Chinese Demo Centre Held Training Program for the Tanzanian Local University Students

In January, 2017, in combination of the Training Program for the Local University Students in Practice Stage initialed by the Chinese Embassy in Tanzania with the arrange of Mvomero district council, Morogoro region, there held the training activities for the students in practice from Dar es Salaam CANRE College of Agriculture and Natural Resources in the Tanzanian Demonstration Centre of China Agricultural Technology. The group of students in practice includes 18 persons, guided by 2 officials from Dakawa Ward Council, Morogoro region.

During their first stage of practice in the demonstration centre, they had field practice activities in the subjects of rice cultivation technology, maize cultivation technology, vegetable cultivation technology, banana tissue culture technology and egg layer hens raising technology.  They have also attended the classroom lectures to learn about the research, experiments and demonstration results of the demonstration centre, meanwhile they have received training course of the paddy rice cultivation for high yield.

In the field practice activities and the classroom lectures, the students paid much attention to the subjects and listen to the Chinese experts very carefully. Meanwhile, during the training program, many students actively raised questions and got satisfactory explanations from the Chinese experts.  At the last part of the program, some students made speeches to show their gratitude to the Chinese experts in the demonstration centre for give their advanced technology lectures and field practice chance. They also said that they had learnt a lot from the practice program, the knowledge they had picked up in the demonstration centre would be very useful to their future jobs.

This is the first stage of the practice program, and in the beginning of February, when the demonstration centre prepare the paddy filed and nursery as well as sowing,  they will come here again to participate the second stage of the practice program.

Practice in paddy field

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Practice in paddy rice mechanical harvest

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Practice in the maize field

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Practice in the maize field

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Practice in the vegetable field

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Practice in the banana tissue culture laboratory

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Practice in the banana tissue culture laboratory

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Practice in the banana tissue culture laboratory

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Practice in mango orchard

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Practice in tissue cultured banana orchard

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Practice in egg layer hens raining house

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Classroom lecture

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Classroom lecture

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Classroom lecture

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Classroom lecture

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After the classroom lecture, some students make speech

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Group photo

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Group photo

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The Hotel Music Performance in Zanzibar

The hotel music performance in the east coast beach of Zanzibar, with the female customers dancing vividly.

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The Tidal Waves in Indian Ocean

The tidal waves in Indian ocean outside the Coco Beach of Dar es Salaam.

 

 

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Hualin Essay: On Personal Quality

People lives  in the world, in order to make others think highly of him, in addition to good character, having a high personal quality is also very important. Of course, the character and the personal quality also have a certain relevance between them. In general, the people with a good character should also be relatively good in his personal quality.

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On human nature, the so-called quality refers to the individual’s intelligence, ability and inner conservation, that is, the talent and moral strength, reflected in the behavior of individuals, which show grace, behavior training and education, as a personal charm. As a kind of stable attribute, the personal quality can play a long-term and lasting influence, even a decisive role  on people’s various behaviors

The personal quality is also a mark which distinguishes human beings from the beasts.. People of high personal quality have more human nature in behaviors; the ones with low quality tend to show the beast nature in their behaviors.

The personal quality  represents the a person’s identity,  represents a person’s dignity, represents a degree of recognition for him in public places. In the public society, a person with good quality, well behavior, peaceful attitude, calm, comity, respect for others, gentlemanly manner, no matter how this person inner world is , at least in the scene he is welcome, as  well as respected . On the other hand, if a person of poor quality, such as reckless, spitting and throw rubbish everywhere, unruly, arrogant, shouting around, he will be surely  unpopular, even disgusted of.

The quality of people, in addition to some congenital genetic factors, mainly results from the acquired environment, the acquired education, the acquired personality. In term of the growth environment, a well-nurtured family has a good family tutoring.The child who has be trained out from such family has higher general quality in adult. In society, a very low quality people, often be criticized as  being  lack of family tutoring, lack of upbringing!  Usually, as far as the educational level is mentioned, a person with higher level of education has a relative higher degree of civilization and personal qualities. In the intellectual group and in the more educated middle-class group, people’s behavior are relatively civilized, showing a higher personal quality. Of course, there are a handful of cases that some highly educated people have  low-quality which are exceptions. Even  in the circle of professors some individual cases of animal behavior and  very low personal qualify. Therefore, the study of a person’s quality, in addition to the factor of educational level, shall also depend on  their personal behaviors. Some people, although received less education,  they have higher emotional quotient and intelligent quotient.  In life, they will pay much attention to the cultivation of personal qualities, in public places, they will also show high personal quality. Some people, although have read a lot of books, if they  not pay attention to the personality cultivation, they will also show a very low panorama personal quality in public places, with more animal nature, less human nature.

In the world, there are all phenomena of human beings, quite a mixed bag, with the high quality people, as well as the low quality people. In the real life, occasionally you will encounter a few individual people with very low personal quality. I am a person who would not allowed the sand remain inside my eyes, I quite disgust the low-quality people. Sometimes, one  squirt or slag men without any personal quality appeared in front of you, which made you feel extreme nausea. This nausea feeling, like a fly flew into the mouth, you just wanted to spit out for little bit comfortable.. For the squirt or slag man without any quality, I am not willing to lay a straight glance  on him, even though  sometimes I had to be at ease to deal with such kind people, in my heart, he was extremely despised.

The people with low  quality and poor conduct tends to do evil, and does not repent. After having done the evil, he still feel at ease. In particular, some people low quality and bad conduct, even worse,  also has a low IQ, he  is not able to see the consequences of doing bad things, only has the impulse and desire as same as animal’s , referred as the animal desire driving conduct.

However, there will be the retribution for good and evil, as the heaven has got eyes. What people are doing, the God is looking at. The one who does evil has to fear of retribution. If he does not repent, he will be punished by the heaven.

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The Outline of Tanzanian Demonstration Centre of China Agricultural Technology

Tanzanian Demonstration Centre of China Agricultural Technology is localted in Dakawa, Mevomero,  Morogoro, Tanzania.
Since 2007, there has undertaken the construction task of bear the Tanzanian Demonstration Centre of China Agricultural Technology in which the Chinese government has fund. The implementation institution has dispatched 11 experts to the demonstration center to to carry out the technical cooperation with Tanzanian agricultural experts in the fields of rice, corn, vegetables, banana tissue culture, layer farming, agricultural machinery and other aspects.
Since the start of technical cooperation, 190 new varieties have been tested and demonstrated, including 50 rice types, 60 maize types and 80 vegetable types, and have selected out nearly 20 varieties suitable for local popularization, and cultivated tissue culture banana plantlets of 7 varieties, maintained the demonstration number of raising egg-laying hens up to more than 10,000 pieces in site. Nearly 30 times of the technical training has been carried out with the concentrated training number of technical personnel and local farmers reached to nearly 1500 people. In the activities of science and technology entering village and households, have technically guided more than 2450 local farmers, 7 batches and 41 people of Tanzanian local university students have got training and guidance in the demonstration centre.
The demonstration center has carried out high-yield demonstration, especially hybrid rice high-yield demonstration, of more than 10,000 mu in production season in the local diversity of ecological zones, direct local farms and large farmers to achieve high production, and provided with technical guidance for 5000 mu of vegetable production, helped local farmers to solve the technical problems of agricultural production in farmers the Zanzibar Island, provide the local egg-laying hens farm with technical support for production, coordinated the corn production base and feed processing enterprises, provide a steady stream of raw materials to feed processing, and has made important contributions to effectively solve the Tanzania agricultural security.
Tanzanian government has attached great importance to the development of demonstration centers, the Tanzanian President and the Prime Minister have made special trips to inspect the demonstration center with their condolences to Chinese experts. The two countries have cooperated with each other, trained local qualified technical personnel, spread up arable farming technology, enhanced the image of the demonstration center, and formed a far-reaching international technological cooperation base. The centre has been approached for than more 50 times by technical exchanges, visits and cooperation and other kinds of visits from all over the world, including the experts from the World Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Rice Institute, research institutions of different countries, as well as ambassadors form some countries. The Chinese Embassy in Tanzania has consecutively awarded the title of ‘Public Diplomatic Unit’ to the demonstration center.
In order to extend the function of the demonstration center, to accelerate the promotion of new varieties and new technologies, to make the improved variety innovation to better serve the agricultural production, both Chinese side and Tanzanian side are making efforts to take the demonstration center as the core to promote the construction of Tanzanian agricultural science and technology industry demonstration park in cooperation with the local agricultural research institutions, agricultural universities and seed companies, agro-processing enterprises, in order to achieve the whole industry chain development including the improved variety innovation, the seed production base construction, the agricultural production base construction, the agricultural products processing base construction and the two-way trade.

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Tanzanian Culture: The Happy Faces of Tanzanian Pupils under the Compulsory Education

On August 16, 2016, after having launched the ceremony of the agricultural demonstration villages in Dakawa township, in order to carry out the preparatory work for the 5 demonstration villages projects, we visited the 5 villages one by one.

When we reached Milama village, we were just passing a village primary school. In Tanzania, many villages have got a small primary school. It was the time of recess, a group of students were standing in the playground outside the classroom.

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When I saw this group of pupils from local primary school, I immediately pick up my iphone, patted photos of them in a long distance away. The group of pupils found us taking photos with camera or cell phone, they started to running over towards us, and they looked very cute. They were very fond of facing to the camera, by scrambling to put pose and show off in front of my iphone.

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They stood together for a while to let me take a group photo; then approached and stood closer around my cell phone, faced close towards the iphone camera to show their faces.

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They have given a variety of expressions in front of mobile phone lens. Especially, the close face photos belong to specific shows.

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The most impressive thing was that the children here, the primary school pupils here, were always smiling in front of the camera lens. Their smile was very bright, very sunny. Their small faces, bit of black features, were laughing like black roses in full bloom. In the open laughing mouth, two rows of silver-like teeth exposed, with snow white color. Some child was in the stage of changing teeth. When he opened mouth to smile, it exposed a missed tooth, which showed the virginity.

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Tanzanian natives, especially those in rural areas, are very simple by their very nature. They are naturally optimistic, carefree. When they meet strangers, they like smiling to show friendship, with their white teeth exposed. This feature is mostly shown in the local children, in the local primary school pupils.

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Nowadays, Tanzanian children are happy. Except to some Maasai children who are grazing cattle and sheep, the vast majority of Tanzanian children have the chance to go school.

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Primary and secondary schools in Tanzania are compulsory. The children at the age of 7-13 years old get education in primary school. The local schools take the seven-year primary education system, that is, from the first grade to seventh grade. Since 2002, primary school students have been exempted from tuition fees by the Tanzanian government, but parents have to pay some additional miscellaneous fees for their children in the school.

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In 2008, 8.4 million children were enrolled in primary school in Tanzania. By estimate, the current enrollment data for children should be more than 10 million. According to the statistics in year 2010, the ratio of students with qualified teachers was 54: 1.

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In 2010, all the students were taught in Swahili in 15,816 public primary schools except 8 public primary schools. As to the 551 private primary schools registered in the country, the students were taught in English in 539 private primary schools. The curricula of primary school include: Swahili, mathematics, natural sciences, geography, civil knowledge, history, English, vocational subjects, religion, information and communication technology, and sports, etc.

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The students at grade 7 need to participate in and pass the graduation exam in order to get a diploma as well as to enter the secondary school. In 2009, only 49.4% of the students passed the exam among the 1 million students enrolled in the primary school graduation exam,. The rate of pass varied from region to region, with the figure being 69.8% in Dar es Salaam, compared to the 31.9 % in the remote Shinyanga. As far as the gender differences is concerned, the pass rate for boys was 55.6%, while the pass rate for girls was 43.2%. There were also differences between the subjects, the pass rate for Swahili language was the highest 69.1%, while the one for mathematics was the lowest 20.0%. No wonder that the local people were a little poor in mathematics. About 90.4% of the students who passed the primary school entrance exam entered the public secondary school.

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As a result of the compulsory education in primary and secondary schools, 80% of all adults in Tanzania are literacy who have ability to read and write, and the literacy rate in Tanzania is higher than in other African countries.

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Video Display: Tanzanian Demonstration Centre of China Agricultural Technology (1)

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